‘Batavia’ was the name given to Jayakarta during the Dutch occupation of what was known as the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia). The Dutch East India Company (Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie) traded in spices and established a base at Jayakarta in 1619. The company renamed the city ‘Batavia’. Batavia (now Jakarta) was located in the tropics on a low, flat alluvial plain at the mouth of the Liwung River on the northwest coast of Java. The Dutch name ‘Batavia’ was derived from the word ‘Batavi’, the name of an ancient Germanic tribe who lived in the Netherlands. ‘Batavia’ was a poetic name for The Netherlands.

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